You’re excited to plant some plant beds in your new lawn, so you get your tiller, and you start operating only to hear the undesired sound of your hitting a rock!
Rocky soil isn’t uncommon nowadays. In most newly built houses, soil fill is brought to prepare the future lawn. You can imagine how rocky that can be!
The good news is that this layer is usually 4-12 inches deep, so a good rototiller will get the job done. In this article, we’ll tell you all about them, and we’ll teach you how to choose a rototiller for rocky soil.
- How to Choose a Rototiller for Rocky Soil
- The Top 4 Tillers For Use In Rocky Ground Reviewed
- Conclusion – The Best Rototiller For You
How to Choose a Rototiller for Rocky Soil
A tiller is a big investment that you shouldn’t take lightly. You need to consider the tines, tilling dimensions, engine, maintenance, and a lot more. We’ll be exploring the factors that you should look at in this section, as well as a list of the best tillers to use in rocky ground, so you can choose the best tiller for your gardening needs.
Types of Tines
The tines of a tiller, also referred to as blades, are the parts that move through the soil doing the actual cultivation. There are three types of tines, each suited for a specific job.
Pick and Chisel Tines
Pick and chisel tines are slightly curved and they’re the most powerful; this makes them the best for breaking up rocky soil and hard ground. Their drawback is that they’re highly liable to become clogged by roots and vegetation.
Slasher tines are short and sharp. They perform excellently over thick roots and overgrown plots that haven’t been previously tilled. Their design makes the tiller highly maneuverable over such areas, where roots can’t clog them.
They’re considered to be pretty powerful, but not as powerful as the pick and chisel tines.
Bolo tines are the best tines for when you want to do deep tilling with minimal clogging. Their blades are I-shaped or curved, and they’re available at affordable prices.
Their disadvantage is that their use is limited to areas that aren’t rocky and have very few roots.
Now that you’ve picked your tine type, you need to look at the type of rotation your tiller offers.
You need to take into account the digging depth and the type of soil you’re working on to know which tine rotation type is best suited for the job.
These are also known as standard-rotating tines, as they rotate in the same direction as the wheels. Forward-rotating tines are best used when the tilling depth is less than five inches or when the soil is loose or covered in leaves.
Here, the tines rotate opposite to the rotation of the wheels. They’re best used in rough areas and hard-to-break types of soil because of their ability to dig deep into the soil.
As the name suggests, dual-rotating tines offer both forward-rotation and counter-rotation in the same machine. The dual rotation means that you have great versatility during work, allowing you to operate your machine over different types of soil.
The tilling width indicates the size of the rototiller’s deck. The wider the tiller, the more tines it holds, and the more soil it cultivates with every pass. This is time and energy-efficient.
The average tilling width ranges from 12 to 24 inches. The size of your lawn is a determining factor in choosing the ideal width for your tiller. For bigger areas, it’s better to have wider tillers to cover more ground in fewer rounds.
Wide tillers, however, pose a challenge in narrow spaces with many curves as they don’t navigate these areas easily. You can go for a smaller tiller (or even a mini tiller) if you’re cultivating a small garden, as it’ll give you the accessibility you need to navigate around the tight spots.
The tilling depth is measured by the length of the tines. You can adjust it as you work according to your needs.
For example, if you want to create new beds in areas that haven’t been previously plotted, then you’ll need deeper and longer tines; 8 to 10-inch tines would be sufficient to develop new plant beds.
Some machines offer tines with adjustable depths, which allow you to work with different types of soil and cater to various needs.
The transmission type of your tiller refers to whether it has forward or reverse gear.
Reverse gear allows you to turn the machine around while working. Sometimes, the same machine offers both forward and reverse transmissions. This makes it more versatile and a better option to till dense areas, where you might need to go over the area multiple times in different directions.
In some cases, the transmission also offers multiple speeds for the tiller, allowing you to control your pace and helping you cover a wider area in a shorter time.
A drag bar is a small, angled bar at the back of the tiller that provides stability for the machine and reduces the tension on the arms of the user.
Drag bars are height-adjustable, and their main purpose is to ensure you have a consistent depth throughout the entire tilling process by adjusting the locking pin to the desired working length. This prevents over-digging into the ground and also prevents the machine from drifting away on its own.
Overall, this results in a much better and smoother user experience.
Another feature that provides stability to the tiller is its counterweight. This is achieved by increasing the weight on the wheels to improve the balance of the tiller.
A counterweight ensures that your machine won’t bounce while working over rough terrain. Overall, it enhances the tiller’s maneuverability and makes it easier to use so that you can push it around smoothly.
The engine is the powerhouse of a rototiller. Picking a good one is essential to your tilling process, especially when tilling rocky soil. In this case, you’ll most likely need a four-stroke engine.
Engines are generally available in two types: two-stroke engines and four-stroke engines. The latter, although heavier, are often preferable, as they use less fuel and are easier to maintain than two-stroke engines.
Four-stroke engines use unleaded gas and produce cleaner and less-dense exhaust than the two-strokes engines, which run on a mixture of oil and gasoline, producing denser exhausts.
Power and Performance
The power of the motor is an indicator of a lot of things. It’s a measure of the strength of the machine and how easily it can aerate the soil and cultivate thick or compacted ground.
Power is generally measured by Horsepower (HP). High-functioning tillers require more powerful engines because this increases the tines’ revolutions per minute (RPM). Also, high-powered machines are less likely to become stuck while working in rough terrain and rocky soil.
Although Horsepower is the generally-used measurement of power, some manufacturers use different metrics to describe the capacity of engines.
- Cubic Capacity (cc): This is used to measure the capacity of gas-powered engines, as well as the number of strokes of the engine
- Watts or Amp: These are used to measure the capacity of electric-powered engines
- Amp-hours (AH) or Volts: These are used to measure the capacity of cordless-powered machines that run on battery power
The higher the HP, the better the performance and less time needed to finish the task.
Performance is also determined by the shape, movement, and durability of the tines. Getting durable tines will save you the hassle of frequent replacements.
Maneuverability and Ease of Use
Wrangling a machine that is twice your size surely won’t be a pleasant experience. This is why, when assessing the maneuverability of your rototiller, you need to take your own physical abilities into consideration.
Ease of use also comprises your knowledge of using your tools and the safety measures you’ll need to follow. If you purchase a tiller with too many complicated parts, you become more liable to injury if you’re not familiar with how to properly use them.
Adding to that, you’ll have a more challenging experience while tilling your garden if you invest in a machine that you’re unable to easily move around or operate.
Your choice of tires is greatly affected by the type of ground you plan to work on. According to your needs, you should pick a suitable size, material, tread, and quality of tires for your tiller.
The larger the tire, the easier it will be steered over rocky areas and rough terrain. The most common size of tiller tires is 13 X 5-6 inches.
Rototillers use heavy-duty wheels. They’re often shaped like farm tractor tires with big traction bars. Also, there are extra plies under the tread to offer more protection against damage when working in rocky soil.
Air-filled, pneumatic wheels reduce the vibrations of the machine and are shock-absorbent to limit impacts on uneven, rough terrain. They also control the noise produced by the tiller to some extent.
Adding to that, the direction of tine rotation also influences the tire choice. For example, with counter-rotating tillers, the tires have an extra load of pushing the machine forward and opposing the direction of the spinning tines.
This is why investing in a strong, large set of wheels is of great importance.
Durability and Maintenance
Maintenance of your machine is vital to ensure its longevity.
Below are some tips that will help you easily maintain your tiller:
- Make sure it stays rust-free
- Change the oil and air filter regularly (in gas-powered tillers)
- Change the spark plugs regularly (gas-powered tillers)
- Know how to assemble and disassemble its parts
- Replace bent, dulled, or chipped pieces
- Never ignore broken pieces, no matter how trivial it may seem to you
- Check the tines regularly, especially if often used on rocky terrains
- Store the tiller in an indoor, dry space
The Top 4 Tillers For Use In Rocky Ground Reviewed
#1. Earthquake 20015 Versa Front Tine Tiller Cultivator
- VERSATILE - Tool-less removal of outer tines and shields quickly turns Versa from a tiller into a cultivator
- EASY-TO-USE - Easy maneuverability - Light enough to turn on a dime with effortless control
- STABILITY - Lowest center of gravity available in any front tine tiller for ground-hugging stability
The Earthquake 20015 Versa Front Tine Tiller Cultivator is our number one choice for the best tiller to use on rocky soil. This tiller delivers an incredibly strong performance due to its powerful engine and durable tines, allowing you to get work done in any type of soil. It can also perform any type of work – if you need to aerate, mulch, or weed in your garden this machine can do that, but it can also turn and pulverize new soil to prepare it for planting. The engine in the Earthquake 20015 Versa is 4-cycle, 99cc motor that produces 3.32 ft-lbs of torque and can spin the welded forged steel tines at speeds of up to 163 RPM.
The engine is also placed directly over the tines, meaning the Versa is both incredibly efficient and stable. It boasts the lowest center of gravity available in any front tine tiller on the market, which keeps it hugging the ground and less likely to tip or roll over even when using it to dig into tough terrain. Combine this with its easy maneuverability, and a relatively light weight for a gas powered tiller – only 75 pounds – this is one of the easiest front tine tillers to handle, and whether you’re just cultivating topsoil or using every inch of the 11-inch tilling depth, even new gardeners can transform their lawns with this machine.
#2. Sun Joe TJ603E 16-Inch 12-Amp Electric Tiller and Cultivator
- Questions, Text 563563 to chat directly with a Sun Joe expert
- VERSATILE: Ideal for cutting overhanging limbs and thin logs
- TELESCOPING: Pole extends from 5. 8 ft. To 8. 8 ft. for up to 14 ft. overhead reach
The Sun Joe TJ603E 16-Inch 12-Amp Electric Tiller and Cultivator is another great front tine tiller that is effective in tough, rocky ground. This corded electric tiller is the best option for anyone with a small to medium sized home garden, or just for any backyard work in general. It has 6 durable steel angled tines that can spin at up to 340 RPM due to its powerful 12 amp motor, so you will be able to pulverize any kind of soil you have in your garden, like rocky ground or hard clay. This tiller can aerate, cultivate, weed, and till depending on your garden’s needs, and perfectly prepares any seedbed for planting.
These 6 tines can till a path up to 16 inches wide and 8 inches deep, but it is also narrow and compact enough to fit between pre-planted vegetables or hedges. You can adjust its wheel height to three different positions to better tackle any terrain. Transporting the Sun Joe TJ603E is easy due to its light weight of only 27 pounds, and storage is convenient because you can fold down the handles and fit it easily in your garage or shed. Start the tiller with the simple push of a button, and no oil changes or tune ups means it’s easy to maintain throughout its life.
#3. YARDMAX YT4565 Dual Rotating Rear Tine Tiller
- Briggs & Stratton engine delivers 9.50 ft-lbs gross torque and 190 rpm rotational speed
- 18" wide rear tine design with 7 depth adjustments and a 6.5" working depth to cover more ground quickly
- Single hand operation allows user to stand and steer from either side of the tiller
Next on our list is the YARDMAX YT4565 Dual Rotating Rear Tine Tiller. This is a high performance tiller that can work in any sized garden, as well as for both homeowners or professional contractors. The 208cc Briggs and Stratton engine provides 9.5 ft-lbs of torque and a tine rotation speed of 190 RPM, which means it can power through weeds or root systems, and can fully pulverize and aerate any and all types of soil, including rocky terrain. Additionally, it has 13 inch self-sharpening tines so they’re less likely to wear down or break during tough gardening work.
The Yardmax YT4565 uses a heavy-duty and durable transmission with a self-propelled drive system with two different rotation directions – use the forward rotation for cultivation and the counter rotation for deep soil tilling. It has a wide tine base so its tillage path is up to 18 inches wide with a 6.5 inch working depth, and with 7 depth adjustments you can till or cultivate at exactly the depth you need. With new and improved handling adjustments, you can operate the tiller with only one hand, standing on either side of it, and the adjustable drag bar in back and 13 inch pneumatic wheels with AG tread tires in front give you state of the art maneuverability and balance.
#4. Earthwise TC70001 11-Inch 8.5-Amp Corded Electric Tiller/Cultivator
- Earthwise tiller with a powerful 8.5-Amp electric motor with superb run time and service life
- Corded electric tiller ideal for small to medium-sized gardens
- 4 tine cultivator long handle that can cultivate and till up to 11" wide and 8" deep
The Earthwise TC70001 11-Inch 8.5-Amp Corded Electric Tiller/Cultivator is a compact but powerful electric tiller that would be perfect for a small to medium garden or lawn. It is powered by an 8.5 amp, 120V motor and the tines rotate at a speed of 320 RPM. It has 4 durable tines made of steel that can work through any soil type, even rocky soil, and it has a tilling width of up to 11 inches and a working depth of 8 inches.
The Earthwise TC70001 is incredibly easy to start and to maintain. It starts every time with a simple single-lever switch and has a long, ergonomic grip handle with a cord retention hook that provides a comfortable and hassle-free tilling experience. It does not need any oil or gas to function and is a great planet-conscious tiller without any harmful or smelly fumes, so it makes for the ideal alternative to gas tillers.
Conclusion – The Best Rototiller For You
Hopefully this post has helped you to find a tiller that you feel comfortable purchasing and using in your yard. If you want our recommendation, we would choose the Earthquake Versa as the best rototiller for rocky terrain.